Pompeii, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is one of the main attractions that brings millions of tourists to our region every year. An ancient and fascinating Roman city that was completely submerged by ash and lava during the eruption of the volcano Vesuvius in 79 AD. Today inside the archaeological site, which covers about 440,000 square metres, you can admire the forum, once the centre of the city's political and social life, squares, temples, theatres, shops, buildings and houses with their decorations, mosaics, paintings and everyday objects.
Pompeii archaeological ruins are located on a volcanic plateau on the southern slope of Vesuvius, about 30 metres above sea level and a short distance from the mouth of the river Sarno, in an evocative position, praised in Roman times even by Seneca. The lack of springs or watercourses on the plateau prevented it from being populated in the remotest times, although some settlements had formed in the nearby Sarno valley during the 8th century BC, as evidenced by numerous pit tombs. The population who founded Pompeii was certainly Oscan, but it is doubtful whether the name of the city itself derives from Greek or from Oscan.
In the final part of the shore excursion we’ll spend some hours visiting a local farm, walking among the vineyards and tasting some local wines. The wine produced in the Campania region are famous all over the world for their high quality and their good taste, including Falanghina, Lacryma Christi, Aglianico and many other excellent local wines.